Health & Fitness

Hypothyroidism: Foods to Eat and Avoid for Better Thyroid Function

January 27, 2023

Hypothyroidism, a condition where the thyroid gland isn’t producing the right hormones, can be stressful to live with. If you have this condition, then you may be all too familiar with symptoms such as weight gain, fatigue, and sensitivity to the cold. A nutrition blood test can also provide valuable information about your body’s nutrient levels and any deficiencies contributing to your hypothyroidism.

Although there is no specific diet that cures hypothyroidism, the good news is that by adding certain foods to your diet, you may be able to relieve some of the symptoms and boost your thyroid function. Bear in mind that if you think you have hypothyroidism, or have been diagnosed, then you should get your doctor’s advice before embarking on a new diet or treatment plan. 

What Foods Are Good to Eat with Hypothyroidism?

There are some foods that have nutrients, vitamins, and minerals that will help to support your health and improve your thyroid function with this condition. Here are some foods you might want to get more of:


Eating fish and seafood is an excellent choice. Oily fish, in particular, such as salmon, sardines, and mackerel are ideal if you want a natural treatment for hypothyroidism symptoms. Although you can’t cure the condition by adding more fish to your diet, you will be getting more essential, omega-3 fatty acids, which have been shown to reduce inflammation. What’s more, fish and seafood is also an excellent source of iodine, which is essential for healthy thyroid function. 

Leafy Greens:

Getting more leafy greens in your diet can only do you the world of good, whether you have hypothyroidism or not. Whether you’re on the hunt for natural treatments for hypothyroidism or simply want to boost your thyroid health, pack your diet full of green, leafy veggies like kale, broccoli, and spinach. They’re packed full of antioxidants and anti-inflammatories, which protect the thyroid and improve its health and function. Plus, they’re very rich in minerals, such as selenium, which the thyroid needs to perform at its best. 


Smash them in smoothies, bake in crumbles, assemble in fruit salads, sprinkle over oats, or snack on them on their own – there are many ways to enjoy delicious berries, and getting more of them in your diet can help if you want to reduce symptoms of hypothyroidism. Blueberries, raspberries, and strawberries are sweet, tasty, and versatile. Plus, they’re super-high in antioxidants, which are necessary to prevent damage to the thyroid. And they’re a very healthy source of carbs, which can be ideal for people with this condition who may have trouble with blood sugar regulation.

Foods to Avoid

If you have hypothyroidism, there are some foods that may exacerbate your symptoms and should be avoided. These are:

Processed foods: These often contain unhealthy fats, added sugars, and preservatives, contributing to inflammation, weight gain, and the worsening of symptoms. 

Soy: Soy products contain compounds known as goitrogens, which can interfere with the thyroid functions. So, it might be best to avoid them. 

Gluten: Going gluten-free may help some people with this condition. This is because gluten, which is found in wheat, rye, and barley, can cause inflammation in the gut and affect the thyroid function. 

While no diet can cure hypothyroidism, what you eat (or don’t) can be helpful in reducing symptoms and helping you feel stronger, more energised, and healthier overall.

Hypothyroidism: Foods to Eat and Avoid for Better Thyroid Function was last modified: by

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